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International Review of Social Research

Print ISSN: 2069-8267
Online ISSN:2069-8534
Frequency: Three times a year
Current volume: 4/2014

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June 2014; Volume 4, Issue 2.


Non-integrated Universities and Long-standing Problems: the Universities of Zagreb and Belgrade in the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and Today (pages 111-124)
Article first published online: 30 June 2014

Keywords: higher education, university, Yugoslavia, unemployment, brain drain. higher education planning, command economy.

Abstract. The higher education system of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (i.e. SFRY) displayed three specific characteristics – a) non-integrated universities, b) no federal ministry of education since 1970s and b) Self-managed Communities of Interest as the decision-maker in the higher education system. Therefore, there was no direct connection between the universities and economic planning any more. The author considers this as one of the causes of high unemployment of graduates and brain drain in Croatia and Serbia. Twenty years after the dissolution of SFRY, the universities are still non-integrated and there are no established connections with the market and the same problems prevail. The paper focuses on the flagship universities in Croatia and Serbia. The paper uses a historical institutionalism framework, document analysis and process tracing method to explain and connect these problems. In the end, the author offers three solutions regarding reorganization of non-integrated universities.

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©University of Bucharest, 2014